Best PHP Alternatives: Top 15 Similar Programming Languages

Trung Tran

Trung Tran | 29/12/2021

Best 15 PHP Alternatives

PHP is a popular programming language in common use today. PHP has been around for decades and continues to be a staple of many web applications. It can be used with content management systems, web template systems, and frameworks to create your website or application’s front-end codebase that powers the user interface (UI). However, PHP’s popularity also means that it is often vulnerable to security issues and bugs, which can cause data loss or other problems. With the rise of new technologies, many companies are starting to look at alternative programming languages for their projects. Therefore, we will show you a rundown of the 15 most popular PHP alternatives so you can make an informed decision about what language might be best suited for your next project.

Why Should You Consider PHP Alternatives?

Here are the eight most important reasons why you should consider using PHP alternatives:

  • Security: PHP is not a secure language, and it is susceptible to many attacks. Alternatives such as Ruby on Rails are much more secure.
  • Speed: PHP is a slow language, and it loads all of the code into memory. Ruby on Rails is much faster and creates a new instance of the app for each request.
  • Memory: PHP uses a lot more memory because it stores everything in memory and has to work with many other things such as templates and the like. Using an alternative like Ruby on Rails will reduce your memory to run your site.
  • Control: Using an alternative language will give you much more control over how your site works. This way, you can customize it exactly the way you want it to be. PHP is limited in this sense since there are many ways to do something with PHP, but only one that is actually worth using.
  • Maintainability: Using an alternative language will make it much easier for you to maintain your site and add new features. Since there is a community of people who work with the alternatives, support and help are always available for free, whereas PHP requires money to be paid to get any type of support.
  • Cost: PHP alternatives tend to be cheaper to use. Ruby on Rails, for example, is free and open source.
  • Community: The community that surrounds PHP is huge, but it is not always the most helpful. The alternative communities are much smaller, but the people in them are more willing to help.
  • Security: alternatives have a much better security record since they are updated regularly, and the community works hard to find any holes that need plugging. With PHP being used by so many people all over the world, it is a bigger target for attack by hackers who attempt to identify holes that need patching.

The 15 Best PHP Alternatives

There are many other languages available in the market which can be used as a PHP alternative. Let’s have a look at some of them:

JavaScript (JS)


JavaScript or JS is a versatile and popular scripting language that Brendan Eich created in 1995. It is used on the world-wide-web for everything from animations to interactivity to data processing. In addition, it is now being used on the server-side to power web servers.

JavaScript has an active community, so finding help online should not be difficult. It’s also fairly simple to learn, which makes it an excellent option for beginners who are just getting started with coding. JavaScript definitely deserves your consideration if you look for an alternative to PHP or want an easy language to get started with that is also powerful enough for enterprise-level projects.



One of the best PHP alternatives is Python. It is a versatile language that is often used in scientific computing and data analysis. It’s considered an easy-to-learn language and also supports multiple programming paradigms. This makes Python a good choice for beginners that are just starting out with coding.

Not only is Python mighty, but it is extremely flexible, making it popular in the open-source community as well. It’s widely used by many of today’s tech giants, including Google, Yahoo, and NASA. Many big websites also use Python as their back-end language, including Pinterest, Bitbucket, Reddit, Disqus, Dropbox, and many others.



Ruby is a powerful yet concise programming language that is used for web development and software engineering. It is one of the best PHP alternatives. It was designed to help PHP programmers with its easy readability.

The creator of Ruby, Yukihiro Matsumoto, wanted a language that was fun to use and easy to learn. He succeeded in creating Ruby - a programming language that is both enjoyable and practical. Moreover, Ruby on Rails (a web development framework written in Ruby) is one of the most popular web frameworks worldwide and is widely used by companies such as Twitter, Bloomberg, Hulu, and Airbnb.

Ruby is a good choice for web development due to its simplicity and readability. If you’re looking for a powerful yet easy-to-use language, then Ruby is definitely worth checking out.

Go (Google Programming Language)


Go, or Golang, is an easy-to-learn, fast, and stable programming language. It has low-level features that make it ideal for creating fast, reliable software. Go is also statically typed, which can help catch errors early in the development process. Go is not as popular as some other languages, but its speed and scalability make it an excellent choice for projects that require performance and technical tasks.

Go is very similar to Ruby because it is simple and fun to use. It also has advanced features such as garbage collection, which makes it suitable for production-level code. This means you could potentially use Go to create your next startup or product. Go is one of the popular alternatives to PHP to consider if you are looking for an easy-to-use language with technical capabilities, speed, and scalability.



James Gosling developed this object-oriented programming language in the early 1990s. Java is popular worldwide and is used for everything from mobile apps to desktop applications and scientific computing.

Java is great because it’s simple yet versatile, making it an excellent choice for nearly any project. It also has a large open-source community with plenty of support available online. This means that there are lots of tools, powerful frameworks, and other resources available when you are learning or using Java. Java is widely used by many of today’s tech giants and is also one of the best PHP alternatives.



C Sharp (also called C#) is a general-purpose, modern, and object-oriented programming language developed by Microsoft. C# was designed to be simple and intuitive while also having the ability to express progressive ideas with ease.

Are you seeking a powerful yet user-friendly language? Then C# is definitely worth checking out. It is very similar to Java and can be used for virtually any project. It also has the backing of one of the biggest tech companies in the world (with plenty of resources available), which makes it a safe choice.

C# is becoming more and more popular due to its simplicity, stability, and ability to work with many different platforms, and it is one of the excellent PHP alternatives.



It is a functional programming language that Joe Armstrong created in 1986. It is used for developing robust, high-performance systems and has been adopted by large companies such as Facebook, Google, WhatsApp, and Netflix.

One of the best things about Erlang is its fault-tolerant design. This makes it an excellent choice for real-time systems and applications that demand high availability. Erlang also has a strong performance record, making it one of the best PHP alternatives if you would like to process large amounts of data efficiently.



Elixir is a functional programming language that José Valim created in 2011. Elixir is designed for writing scalable, fault-tolerant applications and has been adopted by a lot of companies such as Pinterest, Bleacher Report, and Moz.

What makes Elixir so interesting is its use of the Actor model. This makes it feel like an object-oriented language, but it also has many of the benefits of immutable functional programming languages.

The fact that Elixir runs on the Erlang virtual machine also makes it one of the best PHP alternatives if you are looking for a language that has been tried and tested. Another reason that Elixir is an excellent alternative to PHP is its reliability. Deploying unstable systems can be risky, leading to widespread errors and security breaches. However, this just isn’t an issue with Elixir. Its stable design means that any problems are easy to identify and fix before they have a chance to escalate.



C++ is a powerful object-oriented language that Bjarne Stroustrup created in 1985. It is often used for system programming, graphics, games, and scientific computing. It has been adopted by large companies such as Google, Facebook, Amazon, and Apple.

One of the best things about C++ is its wide range of application domains. It can be used for everything from system programming to developing desktop applications. C++ also has a strong performance record, making it one of the best PHP alternatives if you would like to easily process large amounts of data.

Moreover, C++ focuses on code safety. Errors with simple codes can cause serious problems, but this isn’t the case with C++. It features strong typing, which means you can spot most errors before they become a problem down the line. This makes C++ an excellent choice for those with high standards when it comes to code quality and reliability.”



This is a systems programming language that runs blazingly fast, prevents segmentation faults, and guarantees thread safety. Rust is a promising language available today. Created by Mozilla, its name reflects its primary aim to be a modern and safe language that many developers can rely on. It enables developers to create reliable software in less time and with less effort. Rust claims to combine the expressive syntax of Ruby with the performance and low-level control of C and C++.

Rust is excellent at preventing common pitfalls such as dangling pointers, memory leaks, and null pointer errors. This, combined with its growing community, extensive libraries, and focus on safety, makes it an excellent PHP alternative for modern web development.



It is a typed superset of JavaScript. Microsoft created TypeScript in 2012 to make development on the web easier and more reliable. One of the best things of TypeScript is its static typing. It allows you to take advantage of tools such as code refactoring, go-to definition, and find usages. These features help improve productivity and the overall quality of the codebase.

TypeScript also offers advanced support for both object-oriented and functional programming styles. This makes it possible to use a mixture of paradigms within the same project. This is particularly useful because developers can choose a programming style that best suits their preferences and what they are working on. TypeScript also supports modules, which makes structuring applications much easier. Modules allow you to reuse code across your application without worrying about name collisions.



Haskell is a statically typed, purely functional, and general-purpose programming language created in 1990. It has been used in various applications, including financial analysis, embedded systems, and web development. Haskell is known for its robust type system, which helps to prevent errors and improve code quality.

It enables developers to write concise code that is easy to read and understand. Haskell also offers a wide range of libraries that can do everything from basic I/O operations to complex tasks such as machine learning. Furthermore, Haskell is well-suited for parallel programming. This makes it an excellent choice for those looking for a language that can take advantage of multi-core processors.

Haskell is particularly popular with the scientific community because it allows for rapid prototyping, which means it can be effectively used to solve complex problems. Currently, companies looking to improve performance or ensure reliability in their applications are being utilized by Haskell.


Lua, a Video Game Programming Languages Contender

Lua is a lightweight, interpreted programming language that was first created in 1993. It is often used as a scripting language, which means it can be embedded into other applications to provide additional functionality.

Lua is popular for its small size and ease of use. It can be learned relatively quickly and doesn’t require a lot of code to get up and to run. This makes Lua an excellent choice for small projects or those that are time-sensitive. Lua is also known for its speed. It is one of the fastest languages available today and can be executed in as little as a few thousand CPU cycles. This makes it well-suited for use in embedded systems and other resource-limited applications.

Lua’s design also makes it ideal for developing complex applications. Since all objects and functions are assigned a global variable, Lua can be used to build large-scale web applications that keep track of an object’s state across any number of files and modules. This makes it possible to create multi-purpose scripts that span different areas of the application. Currently, Lua is being used in a wide range of applications, including video games, web development, and system administration.



Kotlin is a statically typed and general-purpose programming language JetBrains designed as an alternative to Java. It supports both object-oriented and functional styles of programming.

Kotlin is a good alternative to PHP because it offers so many benefits. When you use Kotlin, all of your data remains secure and is protected against unauthorized access. It also helps to ensure that the correct type is assigned to variables automatically, which means that it’s more difficult for users to make errors. Lastly, Kotlin offers JavaScript compatibility, which makes it possible for developers to develop their applications in both Java and JavaScript.

Kotlin also offers null safety. This means that you can’t access a variable if it has been set to null. This helps to prevent errors and improve code readability, especially in large applications. Currently, Kotlin is being used to build both desktop and Android applications. It also powers the Gradle build system, which many developers use to create libraries for JavaScript.



Clojure is a powerful dynamic language that runs on the Java virtual machine. It uses an expressive, elegant syntax that makes it simple to write robust programs. It has also been designed for concurrency and has many benefits as other functional programming languages.

Clojure allows developers to write their own domain-specific language (DSL), and macros can increase expressivity. Clojure is immutable and functions as first-class objects that compose easily like other languages. This makes it possible to rapidly prototype an application and then iterate on the design without taking a performance hit.

Clojure’s unique approach has made it especially popular with enterprises who want to take advantage of the benefits of functional programming without making a significant upfront investment.


Best PHP Alternatives conclusion

PHP is a popular programming language that has been around for decades, but it may not be the best solution for your project sometimes. There are multiple reasons why you might want to consider and use PHP alternatives. Currently, there are plenty of other options available out there to choose from with different benefits and drawbacks all their own, so you should weigh all the pros and cons carefully. With our brief rundown of the top 15 PHP alternatives, we expect to help you determine the best one for your projects.

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